Shrove Tuesday, the day before Ash Wednesday is tomorrow. Shrovetide (the three days before Ash Wednesday) was originally a time of penitence but became instead a time of merrymaking. And Shrove Tuesday is often celebrated by eating pancakes. In the real Shrove Tuesday tradition, refreshments should be sausage links and pancakes or waffles topped with maple butter (a combination of 1 cup maple syrup for each ½ cup butter, beaten until fluffy).
“…there is a bell rung call’d the Pancake-Bell, then there is a thing call’d wheaten floure which cookes do mingle with water, eggs, spice and other tragicall, magicall enchantments into the form of a Flip-Jack, call’d Pancake, which ominous incantation the people do devour very greedillie.”—John Taylor, the Water Poet 1620
Before starting the fasting, austere season of Lent, celebrations of Mardi Gras are well known, Shrove Tuesday, not so much. But since I am a great fan of pancakes, I’ve decided to plan a celebration featuring them on Tuesday.
Pancakes cover a large range of dishes; everything from crepes, potato latkes, large lumberjack-size flap-jacks, to delicate Swedish pancakes and oven baked Pannekuchen.
They also span the flour-water-oil-eggs-style to healthy, hearty whole grain cakes. They can be leavened with baking powder, eggs, or yeast—there are even sourdough pancakes.
My everyday, standard recipe is still probably my favorite:
Lynette’s five-grain pancake mix (makes 12 cups)
5 cups white flour
2 ½ cups whole wheat flour
½ cup soy flour
½ cup ground flax seed
½ cup wheat germ
1 cup buttermilk powder
1 cup powdered milk
7 Tbsp. sugar
2 Tbsp. salt
2 Tbsp. baking soda
3 Tbsp. baking powder
Mix everything together well with a large wire whisk. Store in a cool, dry place. To prepare: use 2 cups mix, 1-3/4 cups water, 1 egg and 2 ½ Tbsp. canola oil. Mix just until blended. Bake on a hot griddle, sprayed with vegetable spray. Can be thinned with more water if thinner pancakes are desired.
Potato Pancakes (Latkes) are a favorite in Eastern Europe. My late mother-in-law, Monika, loved them and ordered them whenever they were on a menu. Here is the Latvian version:
3 cups grated raw potatoes
¼ cup grated onion
1 tsp. salt
½ tsp. pepper
Oil for frying
Toss together potatoes, onion and salt in a bowl. Put mixture in center of large dish towel. Twist tightly over a large measuring cup until most of liquid is out. Transfer drained potato mixture to a second bowl. Set potato liquid aside for at least 5 minutes until potato starch has settled to the bottom.
Cover potato mixture and microwave for 30 seconds to 1 minute until warmed through but not hot—stirring with fork every 30 seconds.
Pour off water from potato liquid, leaving starch on bottom. Add eggs and stir until smooth. Return cooled potato mixture to bowl; add parsley, ¼ tsp. pepper and potato starch mixture and toss until combined.
Prepare a rimmed baking sheet with three layers of paper towels. Heat ¼” deep oil in large skillet until shimmering, not smoking—about 350 degrees. Place ¼ cup of mixture into oil carefully. Repeat until 4 or 5 mounds are in skillet. Flatten pancakes with a spatula. Cook until edges golden and crispy, about 3 minutes. Flip and cook another 3 minutes. Remove and place on paper towel-lined baking sheet. Keep warm in 200 deg. Oven if making more. Serve hot with apple sauce and sour cream.
Giant German Pancakes (Dutch Pannekuchen)
½ cup flour
½ tsp. salt
½ cup milk
2 Tbsp. melted butter (can use oil)
Preheat oven to 450 degrees. Generously butter an 8-or-10 inch cast iron skillet. In a bowl, beat eggs with a fork until blended. Add flour and salt in 4 parts, 2 tablespoons at a time, stirring until smooth. Add milk in 2 parts. Lightly stir in melted butter. Pour into prepared skillet. Bake in oven for 20 minutes. Turn off oven and leave 10 minutes. Serve with butter, powdered sugar and lemon juice. You can also fill shell of pancake with sweetened berries and whipped cream or sausages and scrambled eggs. A very versatile recipe.
Swedish Pancakes (Plattar)
You really do better with a special plattar pan made of cast iron with seven equal-size indentations to contain the batter during cooking and thus make perfect little “silver dollar” size pancakes. If you don’t have one, bake them like crepes, only use 1 tablespoon batter on a lightly greased skillet; turn when brown and bake other side briefly.
1 ¼ cups milk
¾ cups flour
1 Tbsp. sugar
½ tsp. salt
2 Tbsp. melted butter
In blender container or food processor, put in the following order: milk, eggs, butter, flour, sugar and salt. Blend until smooth, scraping down container. Let batter sit at least 30 minutes. Heat Swedish pancake pan on medium-high heat until a drop of water skips and hisses when dropped on skillet. Spray with vegetable spray. Pour approximately 1 Tbsp. batter into each container. Tip skillet if necessary to cover indentation evenly.
Pick up each pancake with fork tines at edge of pancake and flip over. Bake briefly—the amount of time to flip each pancake is enough. Remove to an oven-proof platter and cover loosely with foil. Keep warm in 170 degree oven until ready to serve.
To serve: stack pancakes with a sprinkle of granulated sugar between each one. Put about 6 in a stack. Pour melted butter over and then lingonberries and crème fraiche or blueberry compote and sweetened whipped cream. Shrove